By Charles River Editors
*Includes historical bills of Damascus' history
*Includes on-line assets and a bibliography for additional interpreting
“Nicolaus of Damascus, within the fourth ebook of his historical past, says therefore: ‘Abraham reigned at Damascus, being a foreigner, who got here with a military out of the land above Babylon, known as the land of the Chaldeans: yet, after many years, he bought him up, and faraway from that nation additionally, along with his humans, and went into the land then referred to as the land of Canaan, yet now the land of Judea, and this whilst his posterity have been develop into a mess; as to which posterity of his, we relate their background in one other paintings. Now the identify of Abraham is even nonetheless recognized within the nation of Damascus; and there's proven a village named from him, The Habitation of Abraham.’” – Josephus
“In Damascus there's a mosque that has no equivalent on this planet, no longer one with such superb percentage, nor one so solidly developed, nor one vaulted so securely, nor another marvellously laid out, nor one so admirably embellished in gold mosaics and various designs, with enamelled tiles and polished marbles.” - Muhammad al-Idrisi, 1154
all through heritage, Syria has been ruled no longer by means of one nice urban yet by way of . other than Aleppo to the north, the non secular and advertisement city of Damascus has been a spot wanted by way of the robust. For millions of years the Phoenicians, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Greeks, Romans, Christians, and Muslims all vied for regulate of town.
Damascus has many very important architectural websites courting from just about all eras of its background, and vestiges of the previous have existed and been valued in Damascus all through its life. The heritage of Damascus from the Byzantine interval to the twelfth century is very attention-grabbing, when it comes to its function because the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate and the alterations that it skilled while the Abbasid Caliphate and Seljuk dynasty got here to energy.
At Damascus, the colourful capital of recent Syria, you can still event the fervour and spirituality of the numerous faiths that experience coexisted in Syria for hundreds of years. The tales of Damascus are a residing embodiment of the age of Islamic renaissance; the town has one of many oldest and most crucial mosques on this planet, and it has a colourful historical past associated with the increase of Islam within the quarter.
The Umayyad Mosque is a superb representation of the continuity of sacred websites within the urban in the course of the millennia. even though it hasn't ever been subjected to an archaeological research, this used to be most likely the location of a temple of the Semitic thunder god Haddad, and it used to be definitely the positioning of the Roman cult of Jupiter following the amalgamation of Haddad with the Roman god, general of the syncretic method that the Romans took to international religions. It was once additionally definitely the location of the Christian Cathedral of St. John the Baptist; in truth, it can be dazzling to profit that the relics of St. John the Baptist are held inside of this mosque, and are respected through Muslims and Christians alike. Christians make up approximately 10 percentage of the inhabitants, with the rest being commonly Muslim. a few Christian holy websites in terms of the conversion and paintings of St. Paul – who's thought of via many to be the most founding father of the Christian church after Jesus – are available in Damascus. The longstanding tolerance and admire among humans of alternative faiths in Syria is a noteworthy function of this unparalleled urban.
Damascus: The historical past and Legacy of the Syrian Capital from Antiquity to at the present time examines the tumultuous historical past of 1 of an important locations within the center East. besides photographs depicting vital humans, locations, and occasions, you'll know about Damascus like by no means before.
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