Download E-books Integrating History and Philosophy of Science: Problems and Prospects (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science) PDF

Notwithstanding the e-book of Kuhn's constitution of medical Revolutions looked as if it would bring in the appearance of a unified research of the background and philosophy of technology, it's a challenging incontrovertible fact that heritage of technological know-how and philosophy of technological know-how have more and more grown aside. lately, despite the fact that, there was a chain of workshops on either side of the Atlantic (called '&HPS') meant to convey historians and philosophers of technological know-how jointly to debate new integrative methods. this is often for this reason a particularly acceptable time to discover the issues with and customers for integrating historical past and philosophy of technology. the unique essays during this quantity, all from experts within the heritage of technology or philosophy of technology, supply such an exploration from a large choice of views. the amount combines basic reflections at the present nation of heritage and philosophy of technology with reviews of the relation among the 2 disciplines in particular ancient and medical instances.

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Download E-books Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920-1945 PDF

By Vanessa Northington Gamble

Making a spot for Ourselves examines a big yet no longer generally chronicled occasion on the intersection of African-American heritage and American scientific history--the black health facility circulation. a pragmatic reaction to the racial realities of yank existence, the flow used to be a "self-help" endeavor--immediate development of separate clinical associations insured the development and future health of African american citizens till the sluggish strategy of integration may take place. spotting that their careers relied on entry to hospitals, black physicians linked to the 2 best black scientific societies, the nationwide scientific organization (NMA) and the nationwide medical institution organization (NHA), initiated the stream within the Nineteen Twenties so as to improve the clinical and education schemes at black hospitals. Vanessa Northington Gamble examines the actions of those physicians and people of black neighborhood agencies, neighborhood and federal governments, and significant well-being care agencies. She makes a speciality of 3 case reports (Cleveland, Chicago, and Tuskegee) to illustrate how the black health facility circulate mirrored the ambitions, wishes, and divisions in the African-American community--and the country of yank race family. studying ideological tensions in the black group over the life of black hospitals, Gamble indicates that black hospitals have been crucial for the pro lives of black physicians earlier than the emergence of the civil rights circulation. extra greatly, Making a Place for Ourselves essentially and powerfully records how problems with race and racism have affected the advance of the yank clinic system.

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Download E-books Oxford Dictionary of Medical Quotations (Oxford Medical Publications) PDF

By Peter McDonald

The Oxford ebook of scientific Quotations offers a perfectly interesting and eclectic diversity of quotations protecting all elements of medication in the course of the a while. It profound statements from recognized scientists with witty one-liners from the likes of Woody Allen and Spike Milligan. filled with 1000s of quotations, it's a publication that anybody within the scientific career, or with an curiosity in wellbeing and fitness, will locate a useful resource of reference hand substantial entertainment.

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Download E-books The Body Divided: Human Beings and Human 'Material' in Modern Medical History (The History of Medicine in Context) PDF

By Sarah Ferber

Our bodies and physique components of the useless have lengthy been thought of helpful fabric to be used in clinical technology. through the years and elsewhere, they've been dissected, autopsied, investigated, harvested for learn and healing reasons, accrued to show into museum and different specimens, after which displayed, disposed of, and exchanged. This booklet examines the background of such actions, from the early 19th century via to the current, as they happened in hospitals, universities, workhouses, asylums and museums in England, Australia and in different places. via a sequence of case experiences, the quantity finds the altering medical, fiscal and emotional price of corpses and their contested position in scientific technological know-how.

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Download E-books The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and Chinese Medicine PDF

By Shigehisa Kuriyama

At the guts of clinical historical past is a deep enigma.The precise constitution and workings of the human physique are, we casually think, all over the place an identical, a common truth. yet then we glance into the prior, and our feel of fact wavers: money owed of the physique in varied clinical traditions usually appear to describe together alien, nearly unrelated worlds.The Expressiveness of the physique meditates at the contrasts among the human physique defined in classical Greek medication and the physique as envisaged via physicians in historical China. It asks how this most elementary of human realities got here to be conceived by means of refined civilizations in appreciably diverging methods. And it seeks solutions in clean and unforeseen subject matters, akin to the background of tactile wisdom, the connection among methods of seeing and methods of listening, and the evolution of bloodletting.

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Download E-books The Court Midwife (The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe) PDF

First released in 1690, The court docket Midwife made Justine Siegemund (1636-1705) the spokesperson for the artwork of midwifery at a time while such a lot obstetrical texts have been written by way of males. greater than a technical guide, The courtroom Midwife includes descriptions of obstetric recommendations of midwifery and its attendant social pressures. Siegemund's visibility as a author, midwife, and proponent of an incipient professionalism accorded her a standing almost unknown to German girls within the 17th century. Translated the following into English for the 1st time, The court docket Midwife comprises riveting birthing scenes, sworn testimonials by way of former sufferers, and a quick autobiography.

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Download E-books History, Medicine, and the Traditions of Renaissance Learning (Cultures of Knowledge in the Early Modern World) PDF

A significant, path-breaking paintings, heritage, medication, and the Traditions of Renaissance studying is Nancy G. Siraisi's exam into the intersections of medically knowledgeable authors and heritage within the interval 1450 to 1650. instead of learning medication and heritage as separate disciplinary traditions, Siraisi calls cognizance to their mutual interplay within the swiftly altering global of Renaissance erudition. faraway from their contributions being an insignificant footnote within the historic checklist, clinical writers had broad involvement within the analyzing, creation, and shaping of ancient wisdom in this very important interval. With remarkably exact scholarship, Siraisi investigates medical professionals' efforts to discover the legacies passed all the way down to them from historic clinical and anatomical writings and the tricky reconciliations this required among the authority of the traditional global and the discoveries of the fashionable. She additionally experiences the ways that sixteenth-century scientific authors wrote historical past, either of their personal scientific texts and in additional basic historic works. during her examine, Siraisi unearths that what allowed clinical writers to turn into so absolutely engaged within the writing of heritage used to be their common humanistic heritage, their adventure of background throughout the box of medicine's previous, and the instruments that the writing of historical past provided to the improvement of a quickly evolving profession.

Nancy G. Siraisi is without doubt one of the preeminent students of medieval and Renaissance highbrow heritage, focusing on drugs and technological know-how. Now exotic Professor Emerita of History at Hunter university and the Graduate heart, urban University of long island, and a 2008 winner of a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur starting place Fellowship, she has written various books, together with Taddeo Alderotti and His scholars (Princeton, 1981), which gained the yankee organization for the historical past of medication William H. Welch Medal; Avicenna in Renaissance Italy (Princeton, 1987); The Clock and the Mirror (Princeton, 1997); and the commonly used textbook Medieval and Early Renaissance Medicine (Chicago, 1990), which received the Watson Davis and Helen Miles Davis Prize from the heritage of technology Society. In 2003 Siraisi acquired the heritage of technology Society's George Sarton Medal, in 2004 she obtained the Paul Oskar Kristellar Award for Lifetime success of the Renaissance Society of the USA, and in 2005 she used to be provided the yankee old organization Award for Scholarly Distinction.

"A interesting learn of Renaissance physicians as avid readers and enthusiastic writers of every kind of background: from case narratives and clinical biographies to archaeological and environmental histories. during this wide-ranging ebook, Nancy Siraisi demonstrates the deep hyperlinks among the scientific and the humanistic disciplines in early glossy Europe."
---Katharine Park, Zemurray Stone Radcliffe Professor of the historical past of technological know-how, Harvard University

"This is a salient yet little explored point of Renaissance humanism, and there's no doubt that Siraisi has succeeded in throwing gentle onto an enormous topic. The scholarship is wide-ranging and profound, and breaks new flooring. the alternative of examples is attention-grabbing, and it places Renaissance records right into a new context. this can be a significant e-book, good written, richly discovered and with additional implications for greater than scholars of clinical history."
---Vivian Nutton, Professor, The Wellcome belief Centre for the background of medication, collage university London, and writer of From Democedes to Harvey: experiences within the heritage of Medicine

"Siraisi indicates the many-dimensioned overlaps and interactions among drugs and 'history' within the early glossy interval, marking a pioneering attempt to survey a missed self-discipline. Her publication follows the altering utilization of the classical time period 'history' either as empiricism and as a type of scholarship within the Renaissance prior to its extra sleek analytical and demanding functions. it's a surprise of erudition in a space insufficiently studied."
---Donald R. Kelley, Emeritus James Westfall Thompson Professor of background, Rutgers college, New Brunswick, and govt Editor of Journal of the historical past of Ideas

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Download E-books The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity (The Norton History of Science) PDF

By Roy Porter

"To mix huge, immense wisdom with a pleasant variety and a hugely idiosyncratic perspective is Roy Porter's exact reward, and it makes [this] booklet . . . alive and interesting and provocative on each page."—Oliver Sacks, M.D.

Hailed as "a striking fulfillment" (Boston Sunday Globe) and as "a triumph: at the same time unique and instructive, witty and thought-provoking . . . a wonderful and punctiliously engrossing e-book" (Los Angeles Times), Roy Porter's charting of the heritage of medication presents us a chance as by no means sooner than to evaluate its tradition and technology and its bills and advantages to mankind. Porter explores medicine's evolution opposed to the backdrop of the broader non secular, clinical, philosophical, and political views of the tradition during which it develops, overlaying flooring from the ailments of the hunter-gatherers to latest danger of AIDS and ebola, from the in actual fact outlined conviction of the Hippocratic oath to the muddy moral dilemmas of modern day drugs. delivering up a treasure trove of ancient surprises alongside the way in which, this booklet "has immediately turn into the traditional single-volume paintings in its box" (The Lancet). "The author's perceptiveness is, as traditional, scalpel-sharp; his demeanour genially bedside; his erudition invigorating." - Simon Schama 24 pages of b/w illustrations

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Download E-books Drink Spiking and Predatory Drugging: A Modern History PDF

By Pamela Donovan

This ebook analyses universal perceptions approximately drink-spiking, a pervasive worry for plenty of and occasionally a troubling reality. Ideas approximately spiked beverages have formed the way in which we predict approximately medications, alcohol, felony legislation, hazard, nightspots, and socializing for over 100 and fifty years, because the upward thrust of modern anaesthesia and artificial 'pharma-ubiquity'. The ebook bargains a wide-ranging examine the regularly moving cultural and gender politics of 'psycho-chemical treachery'.
It presents wealthy case histories, assesses evolving medical wisdom, and analyses the effect of social forces as disparate as Temperance and the acid fanatics of the Nineteen Sixties. Drawing on interdisciplinary study, the e-book may be of serious curiosity to upper-level scholars and students of criminal legislation, forensic technology, public well-being, and social movements.

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